What is motor shield?
The Motor Shield is a driver module for motors that allows you to use Arduino to control the working speed and direction of the motor. Based on the Dual Full-Bridge Drive Chip L298, it is able to drive two DC motors or a step motor.
What is the use of L293D?
The L293D IC receives signals from the microprocessor and transmits the relative signal to the motors. It has two voltage pins, one of which is used to draw current for the working of the L293D and the other is used to apply voltage to the motors.
Do you need a motor shield for Arduino?
You don’t need this shield to drive servo motors, they have their own controller, you need just a 5V power line, GND and digital output pin to generate a PWM and that’s it. Usually Arduino has enough power to drive servo motors. This shield you are talking about is used for DC (direct current) and stepper motor.
How does L293D control motor speed?
To control the speed of the motor :
- The speed is set by using an analogWrite to the enable pin.
- Speed of the motor can be changed by changing the value in “analogWrite”, The motor spins at a maximum speed if the value in analogWrite is set as 255.
How do I use Arduino L293D?
Place the L293D in the center of the breadboard, with half of the pins on either side of the breadboard. Connect 5V to Enable 1 , Vss , and Vs on the L293D. Connect digital output pins (we’re using 6 and 7) to input 1 and input 2 on the L293D. Connect your Arduino’s GND to both GND pins on the same side of the L293D.
What is the difference between motor shield and motor driver?
A motor driver is a chip that drives motors. A motor shield is a circuit board with connections on it that contains a motor driver chip that drives motors.