Why do we prefer induction motor over synchronous motor?

Which is better induction motor or synchronous motor?

While synchronous motors have higher efficiency and no slip, induction motors have good starting torque. The synchronous motor has no starting torque. Power factor is lagging in induction motor and unity in synchronous motor. Capex is lower for induction while Opex is lower for synchronous.

Why do we prefer induction motors?

Induction Motor Advantages:

Induction motors are simple and rugged in construction. Advantage of induction motors are that they are robust and can operate in any environmental condition. Induction motors are cheaper in cost due to the absence of brushes, commutators, and slip rings.

What is the main disadvantage of synchronous motors?

Disadvantages of Synchronous Motor

Synchronous motors require dc excitation which is supplied from external sources. These motors are not self-starting motors and need some external arrangement for its starting and synchronizing. The cost per kW output is commonly higher than that of induction motors.

How do you know if a motor is synchronous?

The speed of the rotating stator field is called the synchronous speed. The frequency of the power supply and the number of poles of the machine determine the synchronous speed. A synchronous motor is one in which the rotor turns at the same speed as the rotating magnetic field in the stator.

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What is the difference between induction motor and normal motor?

The stator winding of Induction Motor is energized from an AC source. Synchronous Motor always runs at synchronous speed, and the speed of the motor is independent of load, but an induction motor always runs less than the synchronous speed. If the load increased the speed of the induction motor decreases.

What is the advantage of synchronous motor?

The advantages of the synchronous motor are the ease with which the power factor can be controlled and the constant rotational speed of the machine, irrespective of the applied load. Synchronous motors, however, are generally more expensive and a d.c. supply is a necessary feature of the rotor excitation.

What are the disadvantages of DC motor?

Disadvantages of DC motors

  • High initial cost.
  • Increased operation and maintenance cost due to the presence of commutator and brush gear.
  • Cannot operate in explosive and hazard conditions due to sparking occur at brush (risk in commutation failure)

Why an induction motor will never run at its synchronous speed?

The induction motor can’t run at synchronous speed because it is not possible to run the motor without load. Even the motor is at no load, there would be core loss,copper loss and air friction loss.In a nut shell, the motor slip can not be zero in any case.

Which induction motor has maximum speed?

Synchronous and full load speed of amplitude current (AC) induction motors

Speed (rpm)
Number of Poles Frequency (Hz, cycles/sec)
Synchronous Full Load
2 3600 2900
4 1800 1450
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