What are the different precautions to prevent disease transmission?

What are the 5 types of precautions?

Infection Control and Prevention – Transmission-based precautions

  • Contact Precautions. …
  • Droplet Precautions. …
  • Airborne Precautions. …
  • Eye Protection.

What are the four transmission-based precautions?

The three categories of Transmission-based Precautions are: Contact Precautions, Droplet Precautions, and Airborne Precautions, and are based on the likely routes of transmission of specific infectious agents. They may be combined for infectious agents that have more than one route of transmission.

What are the 3 transmission-based precautions What is the difference?

There are three types of transmission-based precautions: contact precautions (for diseases spread by direct or indirect contact), droplet precautions (for diseases spread by large particles in the air), and airborne precautions (for diseases spread by small particles in the air).

What are the 5 standard precautions for infection control?

Standard Precautions

  • Hand hygiene.
  • Use of personal protective equipment (e.g., gloves, masks, eyewear).
  • Respiratory hygiene / cough etiquette.
  • Sharps safety (engineering and work practice controls).
  • Safe injection practices (i.e., aseptic technique for parenteral medications).
  • Sterile instruments and devices.
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What are standard precautions?

Standard precautions are a set of infection control practices used to prevent transmission of diseases that can be acquired by contact with blood, body fluids, non-intact skin (including rashes), and mucous membranes.

What are the 9 standard precautions?

They include:

  • hand hygiene and cough etiquette.
  • the use of personal protective equipment (PPE)
  • the safe use and disposal of sharps.
  • routine environmental cleaning.
  • incorporation of safe practices for handling blood, body fluids and secretions as well as excretions [91].

What are the 10 principles of infection prevention?

The 10 Standard Infection Control Precautions (SICP)

  • Patient assessment for infection risk.
  • Hand hygiene.
  • Respiratory and cough hygiene.
  • Personal protective equipment (PPE)
  • Safe management of equipment.
  • Safe management of environment.
  • Safe management of blood and body fluids.
  • Safe management of linen.

What PPE is used for standard precautions?

Standard precautions consist of the following practices: hand hygiene before and after all patient contact. the use of personal protective equipment, which may include gloves, impermeable gowns, plastic aprons, masks, face shields and eye protection.

What are the three basic elements of airborne precautions?

The three major components of airborne isolation precautions as a strategy for reducing transmission of aerosol transmissible diseases are (1) physical space and engineering controls, (2) healthcare personnel respiratory protection and personal protective equipment, and (3) clinical protocols, policies, procedures, and …

What are the 4 types of isolation?

Four isolation categories are widely recognized –standard, contact, airborne, and droplet precautions.

What are examples of airborne precautions?

Airborne precautions are required to protect against airborne transmission of infectious agents. Diseases requiring airborne precautions include, but are not limited to: Measles, Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS), Varicella (chickenpox), and Mycobacterium tuberculosis.

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What are the three precautions?

There are three categories of Transmission-Based Precautions: Contact Precautions, Droplet Precautions, and Airborne Precautions.

What is the most effective way to prevent infection?

Good hygiene: the primary way to prevent infections

  1. Wash your hands well. …
  2. Cover a cough. …
  3. Wash and bandage all cuts. …
  4. Do not pick at healing wounds or blemishes, or squeeze pimples.
  5. Don’t share dishes, glasses, or eating utensils.
  6. Avoid direct contact with napkins, tissues, handkerchiefs, or similar items used by others.

What are standard transmission precautions?

Transmission-Based Precautions are the second tier of basic infection control and are to be used in addition to Standard Precautions for patients who may be infected or colonized with certain infectious agents for which additional precautions are needed to prevent infection transmission.